This blog is part of our Rails 6 series. Rails 6.0 was recently released.

When a job is enqueued in Rails 6 using Active Job, the current timezone of a job is preserved and then this preserved timezone is restored when the job is finished executing.

Let’s take an example of sale at Amazon.

Amazon would like to remind users across different timezones about its upcoming sale by sending an email. This task of sending a reminder would be processed as a background job.

Before:

Before Rails 6, we had to pass timezone explicitly to the perform method of the job as shown below.

timezone = "Eastern Time (US & Canada)"

AmazonSaleJob.perform_later(Time.now, timezone)

class AmazonSaleJob < ApplicationJob
  queue_as :default

  def perform(time, timezone)

    time = time.in_time_zone(timezone)
    sale_start_time = localtime(2020, 12, 24)

    if time >= sale_start_time
      puts "Sale has started!"
      #Send an email stating Sale has started
    else
      sale_starts_in = (sale_start_time - time).div(3600)
      puts "Hang on! Sale will start in #{sale_starts_in} hours"
      #Send an email stating sales starts in sale_starts_in hours
     end
  end

  private

    def localtime(*args)
      Time.zone ? Time.zone.local(*args) : Time.utc(*args)
    end
end

After:

After the changes in Rails 6, passing timezone to Job is now taken care of by Rails.

timezone = "Eastern Time (US & Canada)"

Time.use_zone(timezone) do
  AmazonSaleJob.perform_later(Time.zone.now)
end

class AmazonSaleJob < ApplicationJob
  queue_as :default

  def perform(time)
    sale_start_time = localtime(2020, 12, 24)

    if time >= sale_start_time
      puts "Sale has started!"
      #Send an email stating Sale has started
    else
      sale_starts_in = (sale_start_time - time).div(3600)
      puts "Hang on! Sale will start in #{sale_starts_in} hours"
      #Send an email stating sales starts in sale_starts_in hours
     end
   end

  private

    def localtime(*args)
      Time.zone ? Time.zone.local(*args) : Time.utc(*args)
    end
end

Rails 6 also propagates timezone to all the subsequent nested jobs.