This blog is part of our Ruby 2.5 series. Ruby 2.5 was recently released.

Ruby 2.5.0 was recently released.

Ruby has sequence predicates such as all?, none?, one? and any? which take a block and evaluate that by passing every element of the sequence to it.

if queries.any? { |sql| /LEFT OUTER JOIN/i =~ sql }
  logger.log "Left outer join detected"
end

Ruby 2.5 allows using a shorthand for this by passing a pattern argument. Internally case equality operator(===) is used against every element of the sequence and the pattern argument.

if queries.any?(/LEFT OUTER JOIN/i)
  logger.log "Left outer join detected"
end

# Translates to:

queries.any? { |sql| /LEFT OUTER JOIN/i === sql }

This allows us to write concise and shorthand expressions where block is only used for comparisons. This feature is applicable to all?, none?, one? and any? methods.

Similarities with Enumerable#grep

This feature is based on how Enumerable#grep works. grep returns an array of every element in the sequence for which the case equality operator(===) returns true by applying the pattern. In this case, the all? and friends return true or false.

There is a proposal to add it for select and reject as well.